Foam filling is a crucial component of upholstery, as it determines the comfort, durability, and overall quality of the furniture. When selecting foam for upholstery, there are several qualities that one should consider. In this article, we will discuss the top qualities of foam used in the foam filling of upholstery.
- Density: Density is a critical quality of foam filling as it determines the foam’s firmness and durability. Foam density is measured in pounds per cubic foot (PCF). High-density foam is more durable and resistant to sagging and compression, making it suitable for high-traffic areas. However, low-density foam is softer and more comfortable, making it ideal for cushions and pillows.
- Compression: Compression is a measure of how much a foam can be compressed and still retain its original shape and density. It is an essential quality to consider for foam used in upholstery as it determines how well the foam will bounce back to its original shape after being used. High compression foam is more durable and maintains its shape even after prolonged use.
- Resilience: Resilience refers to the foam’s ability to bounce back to its original shape after being compressed. Foam with high resilience will retain its shape and provide long-lasting comfort and support. It is an essential quality to consider for foam used in seat cushions.
- Indentation Load Deflection (ILD): ILD is a measure of the foam’s firmness and is calculated by measuring the amount of force required to compress the foam by 25 percent. High ILD foam is more firm, while low ILD foam is softer. It is an essential quality to consider for foam used in seat cushions and backrests.
- Open Cell vs. Closed Cell Foam: Open cell foam has a porous structure that allows air to flow freely through the foam, making it more breathable and comfortable. Closed cell foam has a denser structure and is more durable and resistant to moisture, making it suitable for outdoor upholstery.
- Flame Retardancy: Flame retardancy is an essential quality to consider for foam used in upholstery, particularly for furniture used in public spaces. Foam that meets fire safety standards can help prevent the spread of flames and reduce the risk of injury in the event of a fire.
- Environmental Friendliness: The environmental impact of foam production and disposal is an important consideration when selecting foam for upholstery. Foam made from renewable resources or recycled materials can be an eco-friendly option. Additionally, foam that is biodegradable or recyclable can help reduce waste and environmental impact.
In conclusion, when selecting foam for upholstery, it is essential to consider the density, compression, resilience, ILD, open/closed cell structure, flame retardancy, and environmental friendliness of the foam. By considering these qualities, you can select foam that provides the ideal combination of comfort, durability, and safety for your upholstery needs.